By James S. White
This e-book offers a concise and targeted exam of the basic techniques in gross anatomy. via a streamlined and easy-to-follow hierarchical define layout, it publications scholars throughout the easy anatomical buildings (bones, muscle tissue, and nerves).
After an introductory bankruptcy on primary ideas, the publication reports the key anatomical areas of the physique. the description is more suitable with discussions of suitable scientific correlations and an in depth and unique representation software that visually conveys the basic details and promotes retention of the cloth.
Each bankruptcy concludes with USMLE-type questions in scientific vignette layout to assist scholars determine their figuring out of the thoughts.
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This e-book offers a concise and targeted exam of the basic options in gross anatomy. via a streamlined and easy-to-follow hierarchical define layout, it publications scholars in the course of the easy anatomical buildings (bones, muscular tissues, and nerves).
After an introductory bankruptcy on basic rules, the e-book studies the most important anatomical areas of the physique. the description is greater with discussions of correct scientific correlations and an intensive and unique representation software that visually conveys the fundamental info and promotes retention of the cloth.
Each bankruptcy concludes with USMLE-type questions in medical vignette layout to assist scholars investigate their realizing of the suggestions.
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Extra info for USMLE Road Map: Gross Anatomy (1st Edition)
Innervation: The lateral rectus is innervated by the abducens nerve (CN VI); the superior oblique is innervated by the trochlear nerve (CN IV). All the other rectus muscles and the inferior oblique are innervated by the oculomotor nerve (CN III). Clinical: Ipsilateral trochlear nerve palsy will result in the patient’s inability to fully abduct the ipsilateral eye. Ipsilateral trochlear nerve palsy will result in the patient’s inability to adduct and depress the ipsilateral eye, resulting in diplopia (double vision) when going down stairs.
Clinical: While there are usually 7 cervical vertebrae, fusion of adjacent vertebrae can occur. Most commonly, this fusion in the cervical region is seen between C1 and C2 (the atlas and axis) or between C5 and C6. Head and Neck Atlas Plate 22 Internal Craniocervical Ligaments 7 1 6 2 Upper part of vertebral canal with spinous processes and parts of vertebral arches removed to expose ligaments on posterior vertebral bodies: posterior view 3 Principal part of tectorial membrane removed to expose deeper ligaments: posterior view 5 4 Head and Neck 1-14 Internal Craniocervical Ligaments Capsule of atlanto-occipital joint Capsule of lateral atlanto-axial joint Capsule of zygapophysial joint (C2-3) Cruciate ligament (Superior longitudinal band; Transverse ligament of atlas; Inferior longitudinal band) 5.
7. 8. 9. 10. Anterior tubercle Transverse process Superior articular surface of lateral mass for occipital condyle Groove for vertebral artery Transverse foramen Anterior arch Spinous process Dens Superior articular facet for atlas Pedicle Comment: The 1st cervical vertebra is the atlas. It is named after the Greek god Atlas, who is often depicted with the world on his shoulders. The atlas has no body or spine but is made of anterior and posterior arches. The transverse processes contain a foramen that transmits the vertebral vessels.
USMLE Road Map: Gross Anatomy (1st Edition) by James S. White