By Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Stephan Solzhenitsyn, Kenneth Lantz
To be had for the 1st time in English, Apricot Jam and different tales is the intense ultimate paintings of fiction from Nobel Prize-winning writer Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn. Written within the years among Solzhenitsyn's go back to Russia from exile in 1994, and his demise in 2008, those tales be certain the author's place because the such a lot eloquent and acclaimed opponent of presidency oppression within the 20th century and as a real literary substantial. Apricot Jam and different tales offers a chain of wonderful graphics of the Russian existence prior to, in the course of and after Soviet rule. In 'The New Generation', a professor promotes a scholar simply out of fine will. Years later, an analogous professor reveals himself arrested and, in a awesome accident, his pupil turns into his interrogator. In 'Nastenka', younger ladies with an identical identify lead regimen, ordered lives – until eventually the Revolution exacts radical switch on them either.
With an unforgettable forged of army commanders, imprisoned activists and displaced households, those tales play out the ethical dilemmas and ideological conflicts that outlined Russia within the 20th century.
By Elena Chizhova
Lifestyles isn't really effortless within the Soviet Union at mid-20th century, specially for a manufacturing unit employee who turns into an unwed mom. yet Antonina is fortunate to get a room in a communal condominium that she and her little woman proportion with 3 outdated girls. Glikeria is the daughter of former serfs. Ariadna comes from a filthy rich family members and speaks French. Yevdokia is illiterate and sour. All have misplaced their households, all are deeply conventional, and all turn into “grannies” to little Suzanna. basically they secretly identify her Sofia. And simply as secretly they convey to her the historical past of her kingdom as they skilled it: the Revolution, the early days of the Soviet Union, the blockade and hunger of worldwide battle II. The little lady responds by means of drawing attractive images, yet she is mute. If the specialists discover she's going to be taken from her domestic and despatched to an establishment. while Antonina falls desperately in poor health, the grannies are confronted with the truth of wasting the little lady they love – except a stepfather are available ahead of it really is too past due. And for that, they wish a miracle.
By Michael Lynch
By Mark Lawrence Schrad
Russia is legendary for its vodka, and its tradition of utmost intoxication. yet simply as vodka is principal to the lives of many Russians, it's also imperative to realizing Russian historical past and politics.
In Vodka Politics, Mark Lawrence Schrad argues that debilitating societal alcoholism isn't really hard-wired into Russians' genetic code, yet relatively their autocratic political approach, which has lengthy wielded vodka as a device of statecraft. via a sequence of historic investigations stretching from Ivan the bad via Vladimir Putin, Vodka Politics provides the key background of the Russian country itself-a heritage that's soaking wet in liquor. Scrutinizing (rather than pushing aside) the function of alcohol in Russian politics yields a extra nuanced figuring out of Russian historical past itself: from palace intrigues below the tsars to the drunken antics of Soviet and post-Soviet management, vodka is there in abundance.
Beyond brilliant anecdotes, Schrad scours unique files and archival proof to reply to provocative historic questions. How have Russia's rulers used alcohol to solidify their autocratic rule? What position did alcohol play in tsarist coups? was once Nicholas II's ill-fated prohibition a catalyst for the Bolshevik Revolution? may possibly the Soviet Union became a global strength with out liquor? How did vodka politics give a contribution to the cave in of either communism and public well-being within the Nineties? How can the Kremlin conquer vodka's hurdles to provide better social wellbeing and fitness, prosperity, and democracy into the future?
Viewing Russian heritage during the backside of the vodka bottle is helping us to appreciate why the "liquor question" is still vital to Russian excessive politics even today-almost a century after the problem have been positioned to mattress in such a lot some other glossy kingdom. certainly, spotting and confronting vodka's devastating political legacies could be the maximum political problem for this new release of Russia's management, in addition to the subsequent.
By John Arch Getty, Roberta Thompson Manning
This number of essays by means of students from 5 international locations - the us, nice Britain, Australia, France, and Russia - makes a number of significant contributions to the knowledge of Stalinist terror within the Thirties. The essays discover in higher intensity than prior to the heritage of the phobia and styles of persecution, whereas offering extra empirically based and substantiated estimates of the numbers of Stalin's sufferers. a few participants faucet unexplored or underutilized resource fabrics whereas others have taken good thing about glasnost and the hole of Soviet data and libraries for the years of the phobia to attract on freshly to be had archival and secondary fabrics. a few of the essays are proficient by means of targeted developments in social and political historical past, they usually method Stalinist terror with clean tools and views. the amount supplementations works that experience concentrated solely on Stalin's character by way of concentrating as a substitute on preconditions, mentalities, economics, and particular teams. even supposing Stalin continues to be the important character within the terror, different leaders, associations, and social teams performed vital roles, and by means of reading them the essays within the quantity aid to supply a extra entire and balanced view of the phenomenon of the phobia as a complete.
By Moshe Lewin
One of many nice political strategists of his period, V. I. Lenin maintains to draw ancient curiosity, but his complicated character eludes complete knowing. This re-creation of Moshe Lewin's vintage political biography, together with an afterword by means of the writer, indicates new methods for learning the Marxist visionary and founding father of the Soviet kingdom. Lenin's final fight deals worthwhile insights into the increase of the Bolshevik get together and the Soviet Union, a saga advanced via advanced strategic battles one of the leaders of Lenin's new release: leaders whose names are universally recognized, yet whose personalities and motivations are even no longer sufficiently understood.Moshe Lewin used to be a collective farm employee within the USSR and a soldier within the Soviet military. He later turned director of reviews on the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes in Paris, a fellow of the Kennan Institute, a senior fellow of Columbia University's Russian Institute, and is now emeritus professor of background on the college of Pennsylvania.
By Carolly Erickson
Making the most of fabric unavailable until eventually the autumn of the Soviet Union, this biography of Alexandra, the final tsarina, explores: her adolescence bereavement; her lengthy fight to achieve her romantic objective of marriage to Nicholas; the suffering of her pathological shyness; the struggles along with her in-laws; a fake being pregnant; her expanding eccentricities as she turned extra preoccupied with concerns of religion; and her turning out to be dependence on a chain of occult mentors, the main infamous of whom was once Rasputin.
By Nicu Popescu and Andrew Wilson
By eugene lyons
By Paul Stronski
Paul Stronski tells the attention-grabbing tale of Tashkent, an ethnically various, basically Muslim urban that turned the prototype for the Soviet-era reimagining of city facilities in valuable Asia. in response to broad study in Russian and Uzbek data, Stronski indicates us how Soviet officers, planners, and designers strived to combine neighborhood ethnic traditions and socialist ideology right into a newly developed city house and propaganda showcase.
The Soviets deliberate to rework Tashkent from a “feudal urban” of the tsarist period right into a “flourishing garden,” replete with fountains, a lakeside lodge, sleek roadways, faculties, hospitals, condo constructions, and naturally, factories. town was once meant to be a shining instance to the realm of the winning assimilation of a rather non-Russian urban and its electorate in the course of the catalyst of socialism. As Stronski finds, the actual construction of this Soviet urban used to be now not an lead to itself, yet fairly a method to alter the folks and their society.
Stronski analyzes how the neighborhood inhabitants of Tashkent reacted to, resisted, and at last acquiesced to the city’s socialist transformation. He documents their reports of the nice Terror, international battle II, Stalin’s demise, and the advancements of the Krushchev and Brezhnev eras up until eventually the earthquake of 1966, which leveled huge components of town. Stronski unearths that the Soviets validated a legitimacy that remodeled Tashkent and its humans into one of many extra stalwart supporters of the regime via years of political and cultural adjustments and eventually throughout the upheavals of glasnost.