By Robert Bideleux
A heritage of jap Europe: quandary and alter is a wide-ranging unmarried quantity background of the "lands between", the lands that have lain among Germany, Italy, and the Tsarist and Soviet empires. Bideleux and Jeffries research the issues that experience bedevilled this stricken quarter in the course of its imperial earlier, the interwar interval, below fascism, below communism, and because 1989. whereas almost always concentrating on the fashionable period and at the results of ethnic nationalism, fascism and communism, the booklet additionally bargains unique, amazing and revisionist assurance of: * historic and medieval instances* the Hussite Revolution, the Renaissance, the Reformation and the Counter-Reformation* the legacies of Byzantium, the Ottoman Empire and the Hapsburg Empire* the increase and decline of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth* the influence of the region's strong Russian and Germanic neighbours* rival techniques of "Central" and "Eastern" Europe* the Nineteen Twenties land reforms and the Thirties melancholy. offering a thematic historic survey and research of the formative tactics of switch that have performed the paramount roles in shaping the advance of the region, A historical past of japanese Europe itself will play a paramount function within the stories of ecu historians.
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Extra resources for A History of Eastern Europe: Crisis and Change (1998)
Thus the ‘Western model’ of early modern society was based upon the elimination of serfdom, whereas ‘the Eastern was based on prolonging it’ (Szucs 1988:312). Ironically, by expanding demand for eastern European primary commodity exports, the western European economic recovery further entrenched the position of this so-called ‘second serfdom’ in eastern Europe, ‘causing the great estates cultivated by forced labour to become the typical Eastern partner in the East–West division of labour that developed’ (p.
If there is no Central Europe, there is no Europe…. If we don’t cling to the utopia of Central Europe we must give up the game…. Being Central European does not mean having a nationality, but rather an outlook on the world’ (Konrad 1986:113–16). Introduction 15 In the opinion of Pedrag Matvejevic, a professor at the University of Zagreb, ‘Central Europe, or what actually remains of it, is engaged in the laborious process of recovering from the losses it has suffered… Central Europe is abandoning itself to sweet memories, struggling with difficulty against its own provincialism, and often proving itself illequipped to rejuvenate its old traditions’ (Matvejevic 1989:190).
The communist regimes lasted much longer than the Nazi regime and, in consequence, there was much more universal complicity in communist wrongdoing. Corruption, illegality and reliance on the black market were matters of daily survival, and many people refrained from speaking up on behalf of those falsely accused of wrongdoing (or sometimes even informed on their neighbours) in order to protect a son, a daughter, a parent or a close friend. In his New Year’s Day address on 1 January 1990 President Havel said of the effects of communist rule: ‘We have to accept this legacy as a sin we committeed against ourselves.
A History of Eastern Europe: Crisis and Change (1998) by Robert Bideleux