By Heiko Haumann
The origins and lifetime of East ecu Jewry took on new old and political value after the Holocaust. In Poland on my own ninety nine in line with cent of Polish Jews 3 million in all have been killed; Yiddish as a spoken language roughly disappeared. This quantity provides a background of East ecu Jewry from its beginnings to the interval after the Holocaust. It offers an outline of the demographic, political, socioeconomic, non secular and cultural stipulations of Jewish groups in Poland, Russia, Bohemia and Moravia.Interesting subject matters comprise the tale of early settlers, the 'Golden Age', the impression of the Kabbalah and Hasidism. brilliant images of Jewish kinfolk lifestyles and non secular customs make the e-book stress-free to learn.
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Extra info for A History of East European Jews
These reached their peak in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, although Poland as a Place of Refuge for Jews 23 they continued to have an effect thereafter. In the foreground stood a preoccupation with religion and its practice. The invention of printing contributed to the rapid spread of literature. In 1534 the first Hebrew printing office in Cracow was founded, only a little later than the one in Prague, then the intellectual center of Judaism. Books were published in Hebrew for the educated reader.
Besides taxation, the participation of Jews in civic construction work or defense also had to be dealt with. Included in this were agreements for the construction of fortified synagogues. If cities were attacked by enemies of the kingdom, Jews often stood shoulder to shoulder with Christians on the walls in the common fight. From the beginning of the sixteenth century they had to form their own militia units; though they could usually have this obligation commuted to the payment of a sum of money.
In many cities this could be achieved, although the prohibition was frequently circumvented. Bydgoszcz (Bromberg) set the ball rolling at the beginning of the fourteenth century. In 1483 the Jews were driven from Warsaw, and in 1494 the Jews of Cracow gave in to the constant pressure and moved to the suburb Kazimierz. Cracow remained closed to Jews as a place of residence, with a few exceptions, until 1867. At the end of the fifteenth century all Jews were expelled from Lithuania, although they were permitted to return on payment of a large fee: it seems that they still had their uses.
A History of East European Jews by Heiko Haumann